Newsroom @ Missional University

delivering news and updates about Missional University

“Divine Providence or Good Luck?: A Biblical Theology of Providence Compared with ‘Chance’ and ‘Good Luck’ in Greco-Roman and African Traditions.”

Dr. Matthew Michael presents a biblical theology of providence by exploring the theological tensions between divine determinism and the beliefs in ‘chance’ and ‘good luck’ in Greco-Roman and traditional African worldviews. It also situates the discourse in the template of biblical theology and other defining theological works. Finally, the paper explores the distinctive character of providence in biblical thought and its possible use to affirm the sovereignty, care and love of God in the face of despair, misery and lostness that have characterized modern African societies.


  1. Introduction
  2. ‘Chance’ and ‘Good luck’ in Greco-Roman Thought
  3. ‘Chance’ and ‘Good luck’ in African Traditional Thought
  4. Divine Providence in Biblical Thought
  5. Divine Providence in Dominant Christian Thought
  6. Conclusion

“Divine Providence or Good Luck?: A Biblical Theology of Providence Compared with ‘Chance’ and ‘Good Luck’ in Greco-Roman and African Traditions.” African Journal of Evangelical Theology 28, no. 1 (2009): 23-41.

Dr. Matthew Michael is Dean of the Theological College of Africa and Senior Professor of Old Testament Mission, African Theology Specialist in the Department of Biblical Studies in the School of Theological Studies at Missional University. His academic credentials include a B.A. in Theology & Missions. M.A. in Biblical Studies (Old Testament) and a PhD in Old Testament at ECWA Theological Seminary (NG). In addition he took doctoral seminars at the Depts of Old and New Testaments, Faculty of Theology, Stellenbosch University (ZA) and at the Bengelhaus/Protestant Department, Tuebingen University (DE).

Link to Article      Faculty Profile

Related articles

Pleasant places in the gospel according to St. John

Recently Dr. Fergus King published a journal article entitled, “Pleasant places in the gospel according to John: A classical motif as introit to theological awareness” in Pacifica: Australasian Theological Studies. This piece notes that the locus amoenus motif, common in both Graeco-Roman literature and art, may have provided a literary entry point through which non-Judaic readers might […]

The Multilingual Jesus and the Sociolinguistic World of the New Testament

Was Jesus multilingual? Which languages did he speak? What does the linguistic composition and sociolinguistic situation of first-century Palestine look like? On what occasions were Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Latin spoken in that ancient community? These questions have biblical scholars searching for answers since the sixteenth century, proposing different opinions on the issues related to […]